1914 – January Footnotes

[1] Dr. Carl L. Alsberg, Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry and. Food and Drug Law Administrator, 1912-1921.

[2] Mary Engle Pennington (1872 – 1952) was an American bacteriological chemist and refrigeration engineer. Her involvement with refrigerated boxcar design at the Food Research Laboratory led to an interest in the entire process of transporting and storing perishable food, including both refrigerated transport and home refrigeration.

[3] The Heinz Ocean Pier, also called “The Crystal Palace by the Sea” or “The Sea Shore Home of the 57 Varieties,” was an attraction in Atlantic City from 1899 to 1944. Visitors could attend demonstrations and lectures, obtain free samples of Heinz products, relax in a rocking chair in the reading room, or view the collection of art and curiosities, since the main area of the pavilion contained an exhibition of 144 paintings, bronzes, tapestries and curios some of which had been shown at the Columbian World Exposition. Heinz Pier was washed away in a hurricane in September 1944. In the forty-six years of its existence, an estimated 50 million people visited the pier, and every one of them was offered the Heinz pickle pin.

[4] Million Dollar Pier was built by Captain John L. Young in partnership with Kennedy Crossan a builder from Philadelphia. In 1906 he announced that he was going to build a new pier “to cost a million dollars!” at the foot of Arkansas Avenue. The new pier opened as Young’s Million Dollar Pier on July 26, 1906, with a length of 1,900 feet (580 m). The Million Dollar Pier had what was claimed to be the world’s largest ballroom, as well as a Hippodrome Theater with 4,000 seats, Exhibit Hall, Greek Temple, aquarium and a roller skating rink. In 1908 Young built a mansion on the pier for himself, with the address as “No. 1 Atlantic Ocean.” At the ocean end of the pier, there were daily fish net hauls that were often directed by Captain Young himself.

[5] Agnes Repplier (1855 – 1950) was an American essayist. She became one of America’s chief representatives of the discursive essay, displaying wide reading and apt quotation. Her writings contain literary criticism as well as comments on contemporary life. These characteristics were already apparent in the first essay which she contributed to the Atlantic Monthly (April 1886), entitled “Children, Past and Present.”

[6] Henry Allingham was an old family friend of Kate’s. Son of artist, Helen Allingham R.W.S. Married to Nell.

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