Jude the Obscure is a novel by Thomas Hardy, which began as a magazine serial in December 1894 and was first published in book form in 1895. It is Hardy’s last completed novel.
 Le Pont in Switzerland lies at the northern end of Lac de Joux and also close to tiny Lac Brenet. The Vallée de Joux with its long tradition of watchmaking is a world of its own nestling in austere, untouched nature between two Jura chains.
 Bandy is a team winter sport played on ice, in which skaters use sticks to direct a ball into the opposing team’s goal. The sport is considered a form of hockey and has a common background with ice hockey and field hockey. Bandy has also been influenced by the rules of association football: both games are normally played in halves of 45 minutes, there are 11 players on each team, and the fields in both games are about the same size. Bandy is played, like ice hockey, on ice but players use bowed sticks and a small ball, as in field hockey.
 Col du Mollendruz is a high mountain pass in the Jura Mountains in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It connects l’Isle and Les Charbonnières.