Judas Maccabeus – (HWV 63) is an oratorio in three acts composed in 1746 by George Frideric Handel based on a libretto written by Thomas Morell. The oratorio was devised as a compliment to the victorious Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland upon his return from the Battle of Culloden (1746).
 The New English Art Club (NEAC) – was founded in London in 1885 as an alternative venue to the Royal Academy. It continues to hold an annual exhibition of paintings and drawings at the Mall Galleries in London, exhibiting works by both members and artists from Britain and abroad whose work has been selected from an annual open submission.
 Edward Lloyd, the well-known tenor, gave a farewell concert last evening at the Albert Hall. He was enthusiastically cheered. Mr. Lloyd’s voice shows no diminution of power or quality; but he is tired of public life, and is retiring to raise fancy cattle. – New York Times, December 13, 1900, Page 6
 Thomas Carlyle (1795 – 1881) was a British historian, satirical writer, essayist, translator, philosopher, mathematician, and teacher.